BASIC SOCIO-ECONOMIC &
Olongapo has a land area of 18,500 hectares but the built
up area is only about 2,600 hectares or 14.05%. The city's land area is
basically mountainous thus urban development is expensive.
Population and Density
The projected population of the city was of the city was
219,814 in 1995 with an annual growth rate of 2.14% Considering this the
gross population density of the city is 11.88 persons per hectare (assuming
equal distribution). Barangay Banicain is the most densely populated with
678.03 persons per hectare. Barangay New Cabalan with 7.44 persons per hectare
has the least density. This population figure does not include the increasing
The national Census Office conducted a Mid-Decade Census
in September 1995 but the official results are not yet finalized.
Sex and Age Distribution
Based on the 1990 NSO survey, females outnumbered males
by 9,447 or 4.90% of the total population. Females comprise 101,308 or 52.45%
while males constitute 91,591 or 47.55%. Given the 1995 projected population
of 215,160 females outnumbered males by 10,520 with 112,840 females as against
102,320 males. The city possesses a relatively young population with about
80,491 comprising the school age population. Of the school age population
44,004 were enrolled in the primary and secondary level for the school year
Urban - Rural Distribution
Despite the rural character of some areas in the city like
Sta. Rita, Gordon Heights, Old Cabalan, New Cabalan and Barretto, the entire
city and its population is still classified as 100% urban.
The city being a highly urbanized city has so many transients
from different regions of the country. The major languages spoken in the
area are Tagalog followed by Pampango, Ilocano, and Zambal. The rest speak
other dialects such as Waray, Visaya, Cebuano, Pangasinan, Bicolano, Ilonggo
and others. Every ethnic group appears to be represented in the city.