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Physical Characteristics

Olongapo has a land area of 18,500 hectares but the built up area is only about 2,600 hectares or 14.05%. The city's land area is basically mountainous thus urban development is expensive.

Population and Density

The projected population of the city was of the city was 219,814 in 1995 with an annual growth rate of 2.14% Considering this the gross population density of the city is 11.88 persons per hectare (assuming equal distribution). Barangay Banicain is the most densely populated with 678.03 persons per hectare. Barangay New Cabalan with 7.44 persons per hectare has the least density. This population figure does not include the increasing transient population.

The national Census Office conducted a Mid-Decade Census in September 1995 but the official results are not yet finalized.

Sex and Age Distribution

Based on the 1990 NSO survey, females outnumbered males by 9,447 or 4.90% of the total population. Females comprise 101,308 or 52.45% while males constitute 91,591 or 47.55%. Given the 1995 projected population of 215,160 females outnumbered males by 10,520 with 112,840 females as against 102,320 males. The city possesses a relatively young population with about 80,491 comprising the school age population. Of the school age population 44,004 were enrolled in the primary and secondary level for the school year 1995-1996.

Urban - Rural Distribution

Despite the rural character of some areas in the city like Sta. Rita, Gordon Heights, Old Cabalan, New Cabalan and Barretto, the entire city and its population is still classified as 100% urban.

Mother Tongue

The city being a highly urbanized city has so many transients from different regions of the country. The major languages spoken in the area are Tagalog followed by Pampango, Ilocano, and Zambal. The rest speak other dialects such as Waray, Visaya, Cebuano, Pangasinan, Bicolano, Ilonggo and others. Every ethnic group appears to be represented in the city.



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